BEIRUT — Syrian activists say the flow of arms to rebels has slowed over the past two weeks, a pause that might be temporary but could reflect growing concern over the militarization of the 16-month conflict.
Activists give differing interpretations of what they say are shipments of weapons that are not making it across the usual route — the Turkish-Syrian border.
One leading opposition member attributed the blockage to Turkish anxiety in the wake of Syria’s downing of a Turkish jet last month.
“There are meetings being held every day with the Turks, and we hope that the issue will be resolved soon,” the opposition figure said.
Another activist who works with the loose group of rebels known as the Free Syrian Army said there has been a drop-off in the delivery of weapons and funding — which have been originating from Qatari and Saudi sources — to give diplomatic efforts a chance to end the crisis. He said that he suspected Russia would also decrease weapons shipments to the government of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad.
“Whatever the motive, the result is the same — it is a reduction,” said Louay Mikdad, a logistics coordinator with the Free Syrian Army.
A Russian official indicated early this week that there would be no new deliveries of arms to Syria but later added that previously signed contracts would be honored. Western diplomats say there is no clear sign that Moscow, Assad’s chief international backer, is willing to curb its military assistance.
While Qatar and Saudi Arabia have supported arming the rebels, they have not confirmed any official involvement. Turkey has denied that it is helping to facilitate the arms flow, which activists say are usually delivered by Turkish intelligence to the rebels on the Syrian side of the border. Western governments have warned that arming the rebels is leading to a further escalation of the conflict.
The delays in weapons deliveries come as Saudi Arabia’s government clamps down on a campaign by radical Sunni clerics to raise funds for Syria’s opposition, amid fears that the money could end up in the hands of jihadists.
An “ulema committee for the support of Syria” said on its Facebook page last month that its members, many of them Salafist clerics who are not part of the official establishment, were suspending a donations drive, as demanded by authorities.
Analysts say the government in Riyadh is insisting that all donations to Syria, which are mostly designated as humanitarian assistance, should be made through official channels to avoid bolstering the jihadist element in the uprising, which the United Nations describes as a third actor in the Syrian crisis.
Partly as a result of more weapons, the rebels’ capabilities have improved in recent months, and their forces have inflicted rising numbers of casualties on the regular army. According to the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, at least 4,348 members of security forces loyal to the government have died since the start of the uprising in March 2011. The conflict has also claimed the lives of 11,897 civilians and armed insurgents and 884 defecting soldiers, the group says.
Syrian political activists who are supportive of the rebel armament effort say the obstacles that have emerged over the past two weeks could weaken the insurgency.
“It is an injustice because we don’t have any stores inside the country,” said one activist with knowledge of the delays in weapons delivery. “We cannot fight this regime without ammunition. It is without balance — tanks against bodies.”
Brig. Gen. Mustafa al-Sheikh, a rebel commander based on the Turkish-Syrian border, played down the potential damage to the insurgency, however. He said the fighters’ main strategy was to seize weapons and ammunition from the Syrian army.
“We haven’t been counting on outside help, and what we’ve received would not even cover 30 kilometers of battleground,” he said. “We know that there is pressure on the opposition, and we feel that no one wants to help.”
Abigail Fielding-Smith and Abeer Allam contributed to this report.