Rajab’s prosecution became the most prominent example of Bahrain’s vigorous clampdown on dissenters in the years after the state forcefully quashed a pro-democracy uprising in 2011. His imprisonment, on charges widely dismissed as political, galvanized rights activists around the world and led to a chorus of calls for Rajab’s release, including from the United States, Bahrain’s close ally.
Bahrain, a small island state in the Persian Gulf that hosts the U.S. Navy’s Fifth Fleet, has recently released hundreds of prisoners over fears that the coronavirus would spread in jails. But the government kept prominent dissidents like Rajab behind bars.
His release was “absolutely unrelated” to the pandemic, Jishi said, adding that his client was eligible for release under a law allowing “alternative penalties” after convicted people served half of their sentences.
Rajab was convicted in 2018 on charges that he wrote social media posts criticizing wartime airstrikes in Yemen carried out by Saudi Arabia, Bahrain’s closest ally. He also accused prison authorities in Bahrain of abusing prisoners. The charges against him included insulting state institutions as well as a neighboring country.
In a jailhouse letter that was published in the New York Times a few months after he was detained in 2016, Rajab wrote that the experience of prison “is not new to me: I have been here before, from 2012 to 2014, in 2015, and now again, all because of my work as a human rights defender.”
Referring to his opposition to the war in Yemen, he wrote: “The civilian death toll was immediate and catastrophic, and I spoke out against the unfolding humanitarian crisis, calling for peace. Now, I am paying the price.”
Lynn Malouf, Amnesty International’s Middle East director, said in a statement that Rajab’s release was a “relief.”
“Great news,” said Maryam al-Khawaja, an exiled Bahraini human rights activist, also writing on Twitter. Her father, Abdulhadi al-Khawaja, another co-founder of the Bahrain Center for Human Rights, remains imprisoned in Bahrain. “Now time to release the rest,” she wrote.