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In post-Gaddafi Tripoli: The Bee Gees, burgers and militia gun battles

The studio of Radio Zone.The station is just one of some two dozen new radio stations to hit Tripoli’s airwaves since the fall of Moammar Gaddafi. (Mahmud Turkia/AFP/Getty Images)

Fuad Gritla, the morning host on 100.7 FM, knows his listeners in Libya’s capital are grouchy, and he’s trying to help.

Tripoli has not witnessed the change that many had hoped it would see a year after Moammar Gaddafi’s fall. Political progress has been downright sluggish. There are lots of weapons and little security. And people here are getting more and more anxious.

“The Libyan people are very cranky, so we’re trying to cheer them up in the morning,” Gritla said, turning the dial up on a track from the Bee Gees. “Our slogan is, ‘Your voice and your voice only.’ We try to give people what they want.”

Radio Zone 100.7 is just one of some two dozen new radio stations to hit Tripoli’s airwaves since the dictator’s fall. And despite all the doom and gloom, residents say it is just one indicator that postwar Tripoli is not as bad as it may appear.

In fact, Tripoli is a spectacle of post-revolution paradoxes. It is a place where all of the successes and failures of the Arab Spring’s most thorough revolution go on stark display side by side, where one can brave a militia gun battle and shop for designer dresses in the space of an afternoon.

Despite all the weapons floating around, there is relatively little crime. Libyans go to work and pick up groceries. Adults talk politics over cappuccinos. And teenagers chow down on burgers and blast pop music from their cars.

There is even Tripoland, an antiquated but popular little amusement park where people line up to ride the miniature roller coaster on Friday nights.

Tripoli still is not a city that anyone would call fun. That’s because fun, Libyans joke, was largely banned under Gaddafi, and it takes time to recover. But the fresh air of revolution has opened the city to a flood of dreamers.

There are middle-class university graduates launching quirky online start-ups from their parents’ living rooms; commanders who talk about developing a well-trained national army — once they have the money; and officials in the neglected waste-management sector who wax on about their ideas for an environmental protection protocol, a concept that was ignored by Gaddafi.

Beneath the surface, of course, it is all a mess, locals say. This is a capital city in a country that has gone months without a functioning government. The police officers directing traffic in Martyrs’ Square are actually militia members. There is no designated day for trash collection and no working court system.

The country conducted its first democratic election for a General National Congress in July but did not seat a government until Wednesday — in part because protesters sometimes storm the legislature while it is in session. Last week, the members debated moving their body to a new city to avoid the protests.

By far the biggest change brought by the end of Gaddafi’s rule is the freedom that Libyans are now enjoying. Gritla plays foreign tunes that never would have reached the airwaves under Gaddafi’s xenophobic rule. Children are learning French in school. And traders are importing old, ratty cars, something the old regime did not allow.

Libyans are so free, in fact, that much of Tripoli’s current trouble stems from the frustration that follows when friends, neighbors and resident militias do whatever they please.

“It’s very nice now. You can have your own newspaper. You don’t have to stop at the traffic lights. You can park anywhere — even on the grass. Even in America, you don’t have these kinds of freedoms,” said Sadat Elbadri, the head of Tripoli’s self-appointed local council, with no small amount of irony.

As the seat of the old regime, Tripoli suffered less under Gaddafi than Libya’s more neglected spots. And for that reason, there is more hope to work with these days, residents said.

Elbadri said his council lacks the budget to do much of anything, but he has grand ideas.

“I even did a water test on Tripoli water,” he said proudly, then added with a laugh, “It’s not that good.”

No, Tripoli’s residents lament, progress has not come as quickly as they had hoped. Revolution was not a silver bullet.

But, Elbadri and others said, it has yielded a cacophony of free expression — and a newly awakened capital city trying to make sense of it all.

“The good thing that we can see now in Tripoli is that people can criticize me or the president or whoever,” said Ahmed Langhi, a member of the national congress from Benghazi. “They can raise their voices. And that is not a simple thing.”

Ayman al-Kekly contributed to this report.

Abigail Hauslohner covers D.C. politics -- and the people affected by D.C. politics. She came to the local beat in 2015 after seven years covering war, politics, and corruption across the Middle East and North Africa. Most recently, she served as the Post’s Cairo Bureau Chief.



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