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As Beirut’s fury grows, Hezbollah leader warns against blaming Shiite militia for devastation

Volunteers clean a main road of East Beirut on Friday, days after the massive explosion that shook the city. (Lorenzo Tugnoli for The Washington Post)

BEIRUT — Hezbollah's leader, Hasan Nasrallah, warned Friday not to hold the Shiite militia responsible for the massive blast at Beirut's port, as many Lebanese point to Hezbollah as a source of problems that helped bring about the tragedy.

Nasrallah — in a televised address as the death toll from Tuesday’s explosion and fireball topped 150 — responded to growing calls that Hezbollah be held at least partly accountable.

The group, which has a powerful place in Lebanon’s government, is widely believed to use the port facility for its smuggling operations and is under scrutiny more generally because it operates a parallel state outside official structures, which is seen as contributing to the weakness of institutions in running and regulating the country.

A vast store of explosive material sat in Beirut for years despite warnings

Hezbollah is strong enough to counter challenges from any faction, Nasrallah cautioned in an address televised live by the movement’s Al-Manar TV station.

“If you want to start a battle against the resistance over this incident, you will get no results,” Nasrallah said, referring to Hezbollah.

“The resistance, with its strength and patriotism, is greater and bigger and stronger than to be hit by those liars who want to push and provoke for civil war,” he added. “They will fail and they will always fail.”

His comments came amid mounting fury among ordinary Lebanese at the negligence, corruption and mismanagement of successive Lebanese governments — which have included Hezbollah — that allowed a huge stash of flammable ammonium nitrate to sit unattended at Beirut’s port for more than six years.

A fire that broke out ignited the stockpile, triggering a huge explosion that wrecked large swaths of the city, killed at least 154 people and injured thousands.

What we know about the Beirut explosion

Activists have called for demonstrations Saturday to protest the government dysfunction widely blamed for the blast. The slogan for the march: “They are the murderers,” referring to politicians.

If big crowds turn out, the demonstration could revive the mass protest movement that erupted in October but has since died down.

Nasrallah’s speech otherwise struck a conciliatory note.

He appealed to Lebanese to unite to confront the vast challenge presented by the destruction of so much of their capital city at a time when the country was already struggling to cope with an economic and financial collapse and surging numbers of coronavirus infections.

Video analysis of Beirut explosion reveals its power, even miles away

“The country needs time to heal. Afterward, we will discuss politics,” he said.

But the blast has thrust a spotlight on Hezbollah’s role as the country’s single most powerful faction — both as a participant in the government and as a separate entity. Hezbollah has its own fighters, arsenal and an extensive network that is widely assumed to include smuggling operations at the port, the airport and along the country’s border with Syria.

Witness four moments from Aug. 4, when life was plunged into chaos in Beirut by massive explosions that killed more than 100 people and injured more than 3,000. (Video: The Washington Post)

Investigations are still underway into the origin of the blast, including what caused the fire that spread to the warehouse housing the ammonium nitrate.

Though no evidence has emerged, suspicions linger among Lebanese that Israel may have sought to target Hezbollah weapons at the port. Several ­Shiite militia bases in Iraq were hit in mysterious strikes attributed to Israel last year, and a drone laden with explosives hit a container in Beirut’s Hezbollah-controlled southern suburbs a year ago.

Lebanese President Michel Aoun, a Hezbollah ally, fueled those suspicions Friday, telling local journalists at a briefing that the government has not ruled out an attack.

“The cause of the explosion has not yet been determined. There is a possibility of external interference via a missile, bomb or any other action,” he was quoted by the Lebanese MTV network as saying. An official in the president’s office confirmed that he made the comments.

Lebanese demand top leaders take responsibility for devastating blasts

Aoun and Nasrallah both reject the need for an international investigation into the blast, which many Lebanese have urged. Nasrallah said the Lebanese army is fully capable of conducting an investigation.

On the streets of Beirut, rescue workers were pressing ahead with the search for victims.

They pulled three more bodies from the rubble as investigators prepared to question officials over the blasts.

Lebanese Health Minister Hamad Hassan said Friday that 154 people were killed in the explosions. More than 5,000 residents were injured.

Nearly a quarter of those injured required hospitalization, Hassan said Friday. At least 120 people were in critical condition, he said.

As Beirut’s cleanup continued — led by citizens, not the government — a ragged protest group marched down the once-vibrant thoroughfare of Gemmayzeh, passing the rubble that had been people’s homes.

“The people demand the fall of the regime,” they chanted.

Victims of the blasts in Beirut, a city beloved for its cosmopolitanism, span nationalities

French and Russian rescue teams, including 22 French investigators, were assisting in search and relief efforts and evidence recovery, Lebanese media reported. Early Friday, civil defense workers discovered the body of Joseph Akiki — an electrician at the port complex — just hours after his mother appeared on television to plead for her son's return. Her interview was circulated widely online as angry Beirut residents clashed with security forces overnight.

The U.S. Embassy in Beirut said Friday that the United States has pledged more than $17 million in initial disaster aid for Lebanon, including food, medical supplies, and financial assistance for the Lebanese Red Cross.

On Thursday, a C-17 U.S. military transport aircraft landed in Beirut carrying the first installment of emergency assistance, the statement said. Two more flights were scheduled to arrive Friday, carrying meals, water and medical kits for the Lebanese armed forces.

At a news conference in Bedminster, N.J., on Friday, President Trump said first responders, doctors, nurses and technicians were also on their way to help. He said he had spoken to Aoun that day and that he had a call planned for Sunday with French President Emmanuel Macron and other world leaders.

Cunningham reported from Istanbul. Loveluck reported from Baghdad.

Victims of the blasts in Beirut, a city beloved for its cosmopolitanism, span nationalities

Lebanese demand top leaders take responsibility for devastating blasts

A vast store of explosive material sat in Beirut for years despite repeated warnings