With the help of the U.S.-led coalition, Kurdish forces in northern Iraq retake villages that had been held by the Islamic State. (Reuters)

Kurdish forces claimed to have pushed back Islamic State militants from a 300-square-mile area of northern Iraq on Wednesday and said they cut one of the extremist group’s key supply lines to the occupied city of Mosul.

The multi-pronged operation, which began in the early morning, involved about 5,000 Kurdish soldiers, known as peshmerga and was backed by U.S.-led airstrikes, according to a statement from the government of Iraq’s semi-autonomous Kurdish region.

The offensive came amid speculation that Iraqi forces are preparing for an assault on Mosul, one of Iraq’s biggest cities, which was seized by Islamic State extremists in June as they swept across the north.

Under pressure from airstrikes and paranoid about informants, the militants have cut phone lines and Internet connections to the city in recent months.

The Kurdish troops advanced through a string of villages and a key highway intersection, encircling Mosul on three sides and cutting supply lines between the city and nearby Tal Afar.

Kurdish peshmerga fighters keep watch Wednesday during a battle with Islamic State militants on the outskirts of Mosul. (Reuters)

Kurdish authorities claimed that at least 200 Islamic State fighters were killed, with the militants using 14 suicide car bombs in an attempt to fend off the assault.

Three of the militants’ explosive-packed vehicles were struck by coalition airstrikes, the officials said.

It was not possible to confirm details of the Kurdish officials’ account independently. Islamic State forces swept into western Iraq a year ago and now control large swaths of the country.

The Kurdistan region’s security chief, Masrour Barzani, told a news conference that the extremists were feeling “much more heat.”

“This is a very important and strategic area that has come under the control of the peshmerga, which significantly reduces the movement of ISIS in that area,” he added.

The Iraqi national security forces were not involved in coordinating the assault, officials said.

They added that Kurdish forces do not intend to move beyond areas with largely Kurdish populations, with the operation to secure Mosul the responsibility of the central government is Baghdad.

“Mosul is more isolated, and I hope that the Iraqi government can play its role and participate in liberating other parts of the country, especially Mosul,” Barzani said.

Fighting continued into the night on Wednesday, while security forces began clearing secured villages of explosives planted by the Islamic State, which is also known by the acronyms ISIS and ISIL.

In London, British Foreign Secretary Philip Hammond said Thursday said the twin attacks against the Islamic State — airstrikes and Iraqi military ground offensives — could take years to fully uproot the militants in Iraq.

“This isn’t going to be done in three months or six months. It’s going to take a year, two years to push ISIL back out of Iraq but we are doing the things that need to be done in order to turn the tide,” Hammond told Sky News before an international conference to discuss strategies against the Islamic State in Iraq and Syria.

The meetings include Secretary of State John F. Kerry and Iraqi Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi.

Brian Murphy in Washington contributed to this report.