MOSCOW — Russia was given about four to five minutes warning of the Biden administration’s first military action when it struck Iranian-backed militias in eastern Syria early Friday, according to Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. But he said the warning came too late to reduce the risk of a potential clash between the two country’s forces.
U.S. officials believe the attack killed a number of alleged Iranian-linked fighters, signaling the administration’s intent to use targeted military action to push back against violence tied to Tehran.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reported Friday that 22 Iranian-backed fighters were killed when the strike at 1 a.m. local time Friday (6 p.m. Thursday in Washington) hit three truckloads of weapons crossing a border point from Iraq to Syria. It added that the death toll could rise.
“Our military was warned four or five minutes in advance. Of course, this has no value even from the angle of deconfliction, as they say in relations between Russian and U.S. servicemen,” Lavrov told a Moscow news conference. He said the U.S. notice was given when the strike was “already being delivered.” He referred to communications between the U.S. and Russian militaries to “deconflict” Syrian airspace to avoid clashes between their aircraft.
Russia emerged as a key player in Syria when President Vladimir Putin deployed forces in 2015 to back Moscow’s longtime ally, President Bashar al-Assad. Russia claims to be the only foreign player legally in Syria, as Assad sought Russian help in confronting rebels in the country’s civil war.
Pentagon spokesman John Kirby said the attack hit facilities used by Iranian-linked Iraqi militias, including Kataib Hezbollah and Kataib Sayyid al-Shuhada, at a strategic border-crossing station in eastern Syria. The attack was “authorized in response to recent attacks against American and coalition personnel in Iraq, and to ongoing threats,” Kirby said.
The last U.S. strike targeting the Syrian border region was in late 2019 when the Pentagon struck two locations of Kataib Hezbollah.
Syrian state media confirmed the latest strike, reporting that it took place at a time when the army was targeting the Islamic State in the area.
Later Friday, Syria’s Foreign Ministry put out a statement condemning the attack, saying it breached international law and would escalate tensions in the area.
“This aggression is a negative indication of the new American administration’s policies, which are supposed to follow international legitimacy, not the law of the jungle that the previous administration had employed to deal with regional and international crises around the world,” the statement said.
Iranian-backed groups allied to Assad control the border crossing, using it to transport weapons, personnel and goods.
Kataib Hezbollah has denied any involvement in the recent attacks against U.S. interests in Iraq. An aide to a senior Kataib Hezbollah commander told The Washington Post that one of its soldiers was killed in the attack.
“It’s strange the United States bombed Kataib Hezbollah over an attack that was condemned by Kataib Hezbollah themselves,” he said, speaking on the condition of anonymity to discuss sensitive matters.
While the United States has not targeted the area since 2019, Israel regularly strikes sites near the Syrian-Iraqi border, bombing Iranian and Iranian-backed groups and their facilities, as well as positions of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, designated a terrorist group by the United States.
“The implicit message is that the strike is not about the strike itself but the messages it carried,” said Omar Abu Layla, head of the monitoring group Deir al-Zour 24, which has a network on the ground in the area. The Americans “are not negotiating on the Iranian file outside of Iran,” he said. “[They] may agree [with Iran] on the nuclear issue, but will continue to strike militias that follow Iran outside.” Abu Layla added that the strike shows that the United States won’t let ally Israel bear the brunt in hitting that area alone.
Lavrov claimed to have intelligence that America has no plans to leave Syria and was aiming to break up the country.
“It’s been alleged that they’ve decided never to leave Syria, up to the point of the country’s breakup,” Lavrov said, adding that Moscow wants to resume contacts with Washington over the conflict.
“It’s very important for us to resume contacts at the political-diplomatic level, and we hope the new administration will put together teams for this purpose soon enough,” he said.
Leonid Slutsky, chairman of the Russian state Duma’s foreign affairs committee, said the attack proved that Washington was not interested in peace in Syria.
“Obviously, the priorities of the new U.S. administration do not include peace on Syrian land and the war on terror,” Slutsky said, according to the Interfax news agency. “The airstrike killed members of pro-Iranian units fighting for Syrian government forces, and the attack was launched without any charge or trial,” he said.
Dadouch reported from Beirut. Mustafa Salim in Baghdad contributed to this report.