Bombings and Retaliation
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U.S. Marines stand guard outside the remains of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, Kenya. (Reuters)
Key Stories
A Post Chronicle of Events

Following are key Post stories about the bombing of two U.S. embassies on August 7, and its aftermath. Highlights on this page include:

Charges Filed Against bin Laden (Nov. 5)
U.S. Strikes Terrorist-Linked Sites (Aug. 21)
Bomb Suspect Details Terror Ring (Aug. 19)
Bombs Explode at 2 U.S. Embassies (Aug. 8)

Friday, Jan. 8, 1999
Panel Cites U.S. Failures On Security
A U.S. government commission appointed to investigate why two U.S. embassies in Africa were vulnerable to terrorist bombings issued a scathing report, criticizing "the collective failure of the U.S. government over the past decade" to prepare for terrorist attacks and to adequately fund security improvements at American embassies.

Thursday, Dec. 17, 1998
5 Fugitives Indicted in Embassy Bombings
Five fugitives were indicted in New York for allegedly conspiring to organize the bombing of the U.S. embassy in Tanzania on behalf of Saudi dissident Osama bin Laden.

Thursday, Nov 5, 1998
Charges Filed Against bin Laden
Osama bin Laden, the radical Islamic multimillionaire who has become the public face of anti-American terrorism, was formally charged with orchestrating the Aug. 7 bombings of the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania and with leading a wider conspiracy to kill Americans around the world.

Thursday, October 22, 1998
Sudan Plant Link to bin Laden Disputed
When U.S. officials destroyed a Sudanese pharmaceutical plant in August, they claimed it was making ingredients for chemical weapons sought by Osama bin Laden. But since the attack, many have come to dispute the links, and the U.S. refuses to elaborate on the evidence.

Sunday, September 20, 1998
U.S. Is Unraveling Bin Laden Network
The FBI is unraveling Osama bin Laden's far-flung network, but no one is sure how much of a dent law enforcement ultimately can make on his operations.

Thursday, September 10, 1998
Probers Focus on Tanzania Truck Shop
Investigators are working on a theory that the bomb may have been constructed at a manufacturing plant on the outskirts of Dar es Salaam.

Sunday, September 6, 1998
Tanzania Detains 2 Bombing Suspects
Tanzanian investigators have arrested two suspects in the Aug. 7 bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Dar es Salaam, and the FBI has filed an arrest warrant seeking a third suspect in the nearly simultaneous bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, law enforcement sources said.

Saturday, August 29, 1998
Complaint Links Bin Laden to Bombing
Federal prosecutors accused Osama bin Laden's militant Islamic organization of bombing the U.S. Embassy in Kenya, offering the most detailed description to date of an alleged terrorist conspiracy to kill Americans in East Africa.

Friday, August 28, 1998
Bombing Suspects to Stand Trial in U.S.
Two suspects with alleged ties to international terrorist Osama bin Laden will stand trial in New York in the bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Kenya.
More Stories:
Bin Laden's Finances Are Moving Target

Tuesday, August 25, 1998
U.S. Jury Indicts Bin Laden
A federal grand jury in New York has handed up a sealed indictment against exiled Saudi multimillionaire Osama bin Laden for terrorist acts against the United States that preceded his suspected involvement in twin bombings at U.S. embassies in Africa earlier this month, senior U.S. officials said.

Sunday, August 23, 1998
President Freezes Bin Laden's Assets
President Clinton announced new steps aimed at choking the financial enterprises that Islamic extremist Osama bin Laden uses to fund his violent campaign against the United States. An executive order freezes any U.S. assets owned by bin Laden, two of his senior lieutenants, or their Islamic Army organization.
More Stories:
Bid Laden's Calls to Action

Friday, August 21, 1998
U.S. Strikes Terrorist-Linked Sites
American cruise missiles struck without warning at paramilitary training camps in Afghanistan and a Sudanese pharmaceutical plant that U.S. intelligence identified as a chemical weapons facility. President Clinton described the blows as retaliation for the twin bombings this month of U.S. embassies in Africa and an effort to preempt further terrorist attacks.
More Stories:
Strikes Planned in Midst of Scandal
Terrorist Leader 'Safe'
Raids Appeal to Clinton Critics
A Barrage of Criticism in Mideast
Clinton's Oval Office Statement
Clinton's Martha's Vineyard Statement
Shelton, Cohen's Statements
Albright, Berger's Statements

Wednesday, August 19, 1998
Bomb Suspect Details Anti-U.S. Terror Ring
A suspect in the Aug. 7 bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi reportedly described to Pakistani authorities an international terrorist and paramilitary network aimed at American interests abroad, orchestrated and financed by Osama bin Laden, a rogue Saudi millionaire and Islamic militant based in Afghanistan.

Monday, August 17, 1998
Suspect Links Embassy Blast To Saudi Exile
An Arab man detained by Pakistani authorities the day terrorist bombs exploded at the U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania has acknowledged being a member of a team recruited and financed by renegade Saudi millionaire Osama bin Laden to attack the Kenya embassy, according to sources at four Pakistani police and intelligence agencies.

Saturday, August 15, 1998
Africa Bombings Provide Big Test for FBI
In the last few years, no FBI unit has been scrutinized more closely – or criticized more harshly – than "the bombers," the agency's squad of explosives analysts. And in the next few months, no FBI unit will play a more vital role in the East Africa bombing investigations.

Friday, August 14, 1998
At Andrews, Sorrow and Pride
Ten everyday Americans killed by a terrorist bomb a continent away came home yesterday, their bodies borne from an Air Force transport jet into a cavernous hangar that was draped in deep blue and filled with the grief of their families.

Parts of Bomb Vehicle Uncovered in Kenya
Investigators have discovered parts of a vehicle they believe contained the explosives that killed 247 people in the bombing of the U.S. Embassy in Nairobi, an FBI official said.

Thursday, August 13, 1998
Kenya Envoy Asked for Safer Building
Security weaknesses so concerned Ambassador Prudence Bushnell that she twice asked for a new building, but was rebuffed both times, a senior State Department official said. The State Department concluded that the Nairobi embassy was "in compliance [with] the standards for the threat level [perceived] for that post."
More Stories:
Rescue Search Ends; Kenya Suspects Held
Bomb Suspect Has Been a Target
Guards Give Eyewitness Accounts

Wednesday, August 12, 1998
U.S. Probes Blasts' Possible Mideast Ties
Officials in Albania and in Washington are investigating whether the embassy attacks might have been revenge by an organization run by a wealthy Saudi expatriate, for the CIA's role in the arrest of four of its alleged members in Albania.

Tuesday, August 11, 1998
Agents Dig for Clues in Bombings
American investigators began an intensive hunt for clues in the rubble left by terrorist bombs at two U.S. embassies in Africa, while the United States announced a reward of as much as $2 million for information leading to the capture of the bombers.

Monday, August 10, 1998
Bomb Vehicle Was Turned Away
The vehicle that apparently contained the bomb that exploded at the U.S. Embassy here Friday morning was driven first to the main entrance of the compound, but guards refused to let it pass and sent it to the rear of the building, an embassy official said.

It Was an Ordinary Day, Then Horror
In Dar es Salaam, the Tanzanian capital on the Indian Ocean 450 miles south of Nairobi, it was just another sultry mid-winter day. Then, the blast came. The force tore the front wall off the east wing of the concrete-block U.S. embassy, destroyed every one of the 22 cars parked in front, and wrecked homes up and down the narrow street.

Sunday, August 9, 1998
149 Confirmed Dead in Embassy Blasts
As rescue crews dug and chiseled their way through tons of concrete to reach at least two people buried alive in the rubble beside the U.S. Embassy here, the death toll from Friday's twin terrorist explosions reached 149. It was expected to climb as the mountain of debris in downtown Nairobi continued to yield the bodies of the dead.
More Stories:
Nairobi Rescuers Search for Signs of Life
Tanzania Embassy's Security Low-Key
For Families, A Mixture of Anger, Grief
Clinton: Terrorists Must Not Prevail

A Tanzanian police officer walks past a row of cars destroyed when a bomb exploded near the U.S. Embassy in Dar es Salaam. (Reuters)
Saturday, August 8, 1998
Bombs Explode at 2 U.S. Embassies in Africa; Scores Dead
Powerful terrorist car bombs exploded just minutes apart outside U.S. embassies in Kenya and Tanzania, killing scores of people and injuring more than 1,600. With dozens more Kenyans possibly buried in the rubble of a building next to the embassy, authorities said they fear the death toll could rise much higher.
More Stories:
U.S. Team Begins Hunt for Bombers
Embassies Can Never Be Fully Protected

© Copyright 1998 The Washington Post Company

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