19: India installs a new government dominated by Hindu nationalists.
India's Prime Minister Atal Behari Vajpayee. (Reuters)
11: India sets off nuclear devices.
13: India conducts a second round of tests.
13: U.S. imposes economic sanctions against India.
15: India's premier says the country is capable of making a "big bomb" that would be used to defend the country.
17: President Clinton issues a fresh appeal to Pakistan to forgo nuclear tests.
18: An Indian cabinet minister warns Pakistan against trying to boost a separatist Muslim insurgency in Kashmir.
19: Pakistani Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif charges that India has threatened to attack the Pakistani-controlled part of Kashmir.
21: India announces a moratorium on the testing of nuclear weapons. It claims it is willing to negotiate an agreement on a formal test ban.
27: India revises its blanket declaration that it would not use nuclear weapons first in any conflict.
28: Accelerating the arms race, Pakistan conducts five underground nuclear tests. President Clinton criticizes the tests and imposes sanctions.
Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif. (AFP)
29: Pakistani officials declare that they would not hesitate to employ nuclear weapons in response to an attack.
30: Pakistan detonates another nuclear device.
31: The mastermind of Pakistan's nuclear program defends his role in developing the country's nuclear capability.
01: A newspaper report quotes a top Pakistani scientist as saying that the country has developed a new medium-range missile for nuclear warheads.
01: A former Pakistani nuclear weapons engineer warns that his country's top military and intelligence officials discussed plans for a preemptive nuclear strike on New Delhi.
30: The prime ministers of India and Pakistan agree to a new round of security talks but appear as divided as ever about the disputed territory of Kashmir.