Interrogation methods involving placing detainees in stress positions.*
Waterboarding and the use of cold water or temperatures.
Interrogation methods that include slapping, hitting or slamming prisoners into objects.
Rectal feeding or rectal rehydration.
Mentions of waterboarding
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“The waterboarding technique was physically harmful, inducing convulsions and vomiting. Abu Zubaydah, for example, became 'completely unresponsive, with bubbles rising through his open, full mouth.' Internal CIA records describe the waterboarding of Khalid Shaykh Mohammad as evolving into a 'series of near drownings.'”
“When the interrogator 'snapped his fingers twice,' Abu Zubaydah would lie flat on the waterboard.”
“During the first of three waterboarding sessions that day, interrogators responded to KSM's efforts to breathe during the sessions by holding KSM's lips and directing the water at his mouth.”
“KSM 'flatly denied' any efforts to recruit African-American Muslim converts. KSM was then waterboarded.”
“On August 4, 2002, after Abu Zubaydah spent 47 days in isolation, CIA interrogators entered his cell and immediately began subjecting Abu Zubaydah to the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques, including the waterboard. ”
“The OLC further accepted that physical sensations associated with waterboarding, such as choking, 'end when the application ends.' This information is incongruent with CIA records. According to CIA records, Abu Zubaydah's waterboarding sessions 'resulted in immediate fluid intake and involuntary leg, chest and arm spasms' and 'hysterical pleas.' ”
What was said about other interrogation techniques
Mentions of rectal feeding, rectal rehydration
“At one point, al-Nashiri launched a shortlived hunger strike that resulted in the CIA force feeding him rectally.”
“Chief of interrogations also ordered the rectal rehydration of KSM without a determination of medical need, a procedure that the chief of interrogations would later characterize as illustrative of the interrogator's 'total control over the detainee.'”
“CIA detainees who were undergoing or had undergone the CIA's enhanced interrogation techniques were subjected to rectal rehydration, without evidence of medical necessity, and that others were threatened with it.”
“Later that same day, Majid Khan's 'lunch tray,' consisting of hummus, pasta with sauce, nuts, and raisins, was 'pureed' and rectally infused.”
Mentions of stress positions
“The two detainees that each had a broken foot were also subjected to walling, stress positions, and cramped confinement, despite the note in their interrogation plans that these specific enhanced interrogation techniques were not requested because of the medical condition of the detainees.”
“Over the course of the entire 20 day 'aggressive phase of interrogation,' Abu Zubaydah spent a total of 266 hours (11 days, 2 hours) in the large (coffin size) confinement box and 29 hours in a small confinement box, which had a width of 21 inches, a depth of 2.5 feet, and a height of 2.5 feet. The CIA interrogators told Abu Zubaydah that the only way he would leave the facility was in the coffin-shaped confinement box.”
“[Abu Ja'far al-Iraqi] was shackled in the standing position for 54 hours as part of sleep deprivation, and experienced swelling in his lower legs requiring blood thinner and spiral ace bandages. He was moved to a sitting position, and his sleep deprivation was extended to 78 hours. After the swelling subsided, he was provided with more blood thinner and was returned to the standing position. The sleep deprivation was extended to 102 hours. After four hours of sleep, [he] was subjected to an additional 52 hours of sleep deprivation, after which CIA Headquarters informed interrogators that eight hours of sleep was the minimum.”
“As part of sleep deprivation, [Abd al-Karim] was also 'walked for 15 minutes every half-hour through the night and into the morning.'”
“In one example, a U.S. military legal advisor observed the technique known as 'hanging,' involving handcuffing one or both wrists to an overhead horizontal bar. The legal advisor noted that one detainee was apparently left hanging for 22 hours each day for two consecutive days to 'break' his resistance.”
Mentions of psychological intimidation
“CIA officers also threatened at least three detainees with harm to their families, including threats to harm the children of a detainee, threats to sexually abuse the mother of a detainee, and a threat to 'cut [a detainee's] mother's throat.'”
“Nazar Ali, an 'intellectually challenged' individual whose taped crying was used as leverage against his family member”
“Majid Khan engaged in acts of self-harm that included attempting to cut his wrist on two occasions, an attempt to chew into his arm at the inner elbow, an attempt to cut a vein in the top of his foot, and an attempt to cut into his skin at the elbow joint using a filed toothbrush.”
Notes: Totals represent only the number of times interrogation methods were mentioned in the report, not the number of times the methods were used or the number of detainees who were interrogated in that manner. Stress positions includes standing positions, sleep deprivation, shackling, forcing detainees to be nude, and confining them to small spaces.
SOURCE: Committee Study of the Central Intelligence Agency’s Detention and Interrogation Program, staff reports. Waterboarding illustration by Alberto Cuadra.